Native Plants & Trees

 
 
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Hawai‘i Native & Polynesian-introduced Plants for Urban Gardens

Native plants are plants that occur naturally in a geographical location, meaning that the plants migrated to the site without human help or intervention. There are two types of native plants: indigenous and endemic.

  • Indigenous: Plants that are found naturally at more than one geographical location, not restricted to only one site
  • Endemic: Plants that are found only at one geographical location and nowhere else in the world

The Polynesians who first traveled to the Hawaiian Islands brought with them a variety of useful plants. The Polynesian-introduced plants that are included on this website are marked with an asterisk (*).

Pictured below are just some of the Polynesian-introduced and native Hawaiian shrubs and trees that are available at the Arbor Day giveaway sites. Note that not all species are available at all sites, and it's a good idea to come arrive early as the trees are given away on a on a “first-come first-served” basis.

Aalii Tree   Aalii seed pods   Akia

'A'ali'i tree

 

'A'ali'i seed pods

 

‘Ākia
.

Alahe'e   Alahe'e flower   Hala Pepe

Alahe'e

 

Alahe'e flower
Courtesy Forest & Kim Starr (USGS)

 

Hala Pepe
Courtesy Fleming Arboretum

Papala   Ilima   Koa

Hau, varigated *

 

Ilima

 

Koa
.

Koki'o ke'oke'o   Koki'o ula   Koki'o ula flower

Koki'o ke'oke'o

 

Koki'o ula

 

Koki'o ula flower
.

Kou Kukio Kului

Kou

 

Kukui *

 

Kulu'i
.

Lama   Loulu Palm   Mau Hau Hele

Lama

 

Loulu Palm

 

Ma'o Hau Hele
 

Milo   Munroidendron flower   Munroidendron fruit

Milo *
Courtesy Forest & Kim Starr (USGS)

 

Munroidendron flower

 

Munroidendron fruit

  Nanu   Naupaka

Naio

 

Nanu

 

Naupaka
 

'Ohi'a   Ohia   Papala

'Ohi'a

 

O'hi'a flower
Courtesy Forest & Kim Starr (USGS)

 

Papala
 

Red Ti   Red Hala   Wauke

Red Ti *

 

Red Hala

 

Wauke *
Courtesy Forest & Kim Starr (USGS)

Wiliwili  

 

 

 

Wiliwili or Hawaiian Coral Tree

 

 

 

 

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